Archives of Photographic PLates for Astronomical USE

TLS Telescopes and Instruments

The 2m telescope

The spherical primary mirror of the telescope has a focal length of 4m. All mirrors are made of zero-expansion glass ceramic material ("SITALL").

A TV-Guider is used for the Coudé spectrograph as well as for the guiding telescope.

The observatory is running a ZEISS 2m telescope ("Alfred-Jensch-Teleskop") which can be used in three different optical configurations:

  • The Schmidt telescope modus

    The Schmidt telescope of the TLS is the largest Schmidt camera of the world. It is characterized by the following parameters:

    Diameter of the primary:2.00m
    Diameter of the corrector plate:1.34m
    Focal length:4.00m
    Field of view (unvignetted):3.3° x 3.3° (maximum)
    Scale:51.4 arcsec/mm
  • The Quasi-Cassegrain or Nasmyth telescope modus The Nasmyth system has a focal length of 21 meters. Because of the spherical primary, the usable field of view is only 10...20 arcsec. Using a flat mirror the light is directed through the declination axis to one of two external Nasmyth focus stations. For the spectroscopy of faint objects a spectrograph is available in the Nasmyth focus.
    Faint object spectrograph
  • The Coudé telescope mode
    The Coudé system has a focal length of 92m (f/46). The Coudé spectrograph uses a collimated beam of 150mm in diameter. Formerly, four spectrograph cameras (focal lengths: 350mm, 700mm, 1400mm, and 2800mm) and various gratings (typically 600 grooves/mm) were used providing linear dispersions from 2 to 24Å/mm. Nowadays the Coudé spectrograph is mainly used in the Echelle mode.
    Echelle spectrograph
  • The 2m Schmidt of TLS